Standard Practice for Life and Reliability Testing Based on the Exponential Distribution
NORMA vydaná dňa 1.12.2018
Označenie normy: ASTM E2696-09(2018)
Dátum vydania normy: 1.12.2018
Kód tovaru: NS-910115
Počet strán: 42
Približná hmotnosť: 126 g (0.28 libier)
Krajina: Americká technická norma
Kategória: Technické normy ASTM
acceptability constant, acceptance sampling, acceptance time, consumer´s risk, exponential distribution, failure rate, hazard rate, life test, mean life, mean time to failure, OC, operating characteristic, producer´s risk, rejection time, reliability, sample size, sampling plan, sequential life test, termination number, testing with replacement, testing without replacement, total life,, ICS Number Code 03.120.10 (Quality management and quality assurance)
|Significance and Use|
4.1 This practice was prepared to meet a growing need for the use of standard sampling procedures and tables for life and reliability testing in government procurement, supply, and maintenance quality control (QC) operations as well as in research and development activities where applicable.
4.2 A characteristic feature of most life tests is that the observations are ordered in time to failure. If, for example, 20 radio tubes are placed on life test, and 4.3 In destructive testing involving such situations as the current needed to blow a fuse, the voltage needed to break down a condenser, or the force needed to rupture a physical material, the test can often be arranged in such a way that every item in the sample is subjected to precisely the same stimulus (current, voltage, or stress). If this is done, then clearly the weakest item will be observed to fail first, the second weakest next, and so forth. While the random variable considered mostly in this guide is time to failure, it should be emphasized, however, that the methodology provided herein can be adapted to the testing situations mentioned above when the random variable is current, voltage, stress, and so forth.
4.4 Sections and describe general procedures and definitions of terms used in life test sampling. Sections , , and describe specific procedures and applications of the life test sampling plans for determining conformance to established reliability requirements.
4.5 Whenever the methodology or choice of procedures in the practice requires clarification, the user is advised to consult a qualified mathematical statistician, and reference should be made to appropriate technical reports and other publications in the field.
1.1 This practice presents standard sampling procedures and tables for life and reliability testing in procurement, supply, and maintenance quality control operations as well as in research and development activities.
1.2 This practice describes general procedures and definitions of terms used in life test sampling and describes specific procedures and applications of the life test sampling plans for determining conformance to established reliability requirements.
1.3 This practice is an adaptation of the Quality Control and Reliability Handbook H-108, “Sampling Procedures and Tables for Life and Reliability Testing (Based on Exponential Distribution),” U.S. Government Printing Office, April 29, 1960.
1.4 A system of units is not specified in this practice.
1.5 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
1.6 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.
|2. Referenced Documents|
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