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Standard Practices for Sampling Electrical Insulating Liquids
Automaticky preložený názov:
Štandardné postupy pre odber vzoriek elektrických izolačných kvapalinách
NORMA vydaná dňa 1.10.2015
Označenie normy: ASTM D923-15
Dátum vydania normy: 1.10.2015
Kód tovaru: NS-618219
Počet strán: 14
Približná hmotnosť: 42 g (0.09 libier)
Krajina: Americká technická norma
Kategória: Technické normy ASTM
bottles, cans, dissolved-gas-in oil, dissolved gases-in-oil, electrical insulating liquid, particle, sampling, sampling electrical apparatus, sampling procedures, syringes, water content,, ICS Number Code 29.040.10 (Insulating oils)
|Significance and Use|
4.1 Accurate sampling, whether of the complete contents or only parts thereof, is extremely important from the standpoint of evaluating the quality of the liquid insulant sampled. Obviously, examination of a test specimen that, because of careless sampling procedure or contamination in sampling equipment, is not directly representative, leads to erroneous conclusions concerning quality and in addition results in a loss of time, effort, and expense in securing, transporting, and testing the sample.
4.2 A study of gases and moisture contained in insulating oils from transformers and other electrical power apparatus can frequently give an early indication of abnormal behavior of the apparatus, and may indicate appropriate action be taken on the equipment before it suffers greater damage. Specific gas and moisture content can be determined from oil sampled for this purpose.
1.1 These practices cover sampling of new electrical insulating liquids including oils, askarels, silicones, synthetic liquids, and natural ester insulating liquids as well as those insulating liquids in service or subsequent to service in cables, transformers, circuit breakers, and other electrical apparatus. These practices apply to liquids having a viscosity of less than 6.476 × 10-4 m2/s (540 cSt) at 40°C (104°F).
1.2 Representative samples of electrical insulating liquids are taken for test specimens so that the quality pertinent to their use may be determined. The quality in different portions of a given container, or the average quality of the whole bulk may be ascertained if desired.
1.3 The values stated in SI units are regarded as the standard where applicable. Inch pound units are used where there is no SI equivalent.
1.4 These practices also include special techniques and devices for sampling for dissolved gases-in-oil (DGA) ( ), water ( ) and particles ( ).
1.5 For ease of use, this document has been indexed as follows:
1.6 Handle askarels containing polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) according to federal and local regulations existing for that country. For example, the federal regulations concerning PCBs in the United States can be found in 40 CFR Part 761.
1.7 Properly contain, package and dispose of any liquid or material resulting from the use of these practices in a manner that is in accordance with local and state regulations specific to the country in which the samples are taken.
1.8 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. Specific warning statements are given in , , Section , , , , Section , and . These practices involve close contact with the electrical insulating liquids being sampled as well as liquids and other materials used to clean the sampling tools and devices. When required, or as a matter of diligence to personal safety, use personal protective equipment (PPE).
|2. Referenced Documents|
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