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Standard Test Method for Sonic Velocity in Manufactured Carbons and Graphite Materials for use in Obtaining Approximate Elastic Constants: Youngâ€™s Modulus, Shear Modulus, and Poissonâ€™s Ratio
NORMA vydaná dňa 1.10.2020
Označenie normy: ASTM D8356-20
Dátum vydania normy: 1.10.2020
Kód tovaru: NS-1013203
Počet strán: 8
Približná hmotnosť: 24 g (0.05 libier)
Krajina: Americká technická norma
Kategória: Technické normy ASTM
carbon, graphite, Poissonâ€™s ratio, shear modulus, sonic velocity, Youngâ€™s modulus,
|Significance and Use|
5.1Sonic velocity measurements are useful for comparing materials with similar elastic properties, dimensions, and microstructure.
5.2 provides an accurate value of Youngs modulus only for isotropic, non-attenuative, non-dispersive materials of infinite dimensions. For non-isotropic graphite can be modified to take into account the Poissons ratios in all directions. As graphite is a strongly attenuative material, the value of Youngs modulus obtained with will be dependent on specimen length. If the specimen lateral dimensions are not large compared with the wavelength of the propagated pulse, then the value of Youngs modulus obtained with will be dependent on the specimen lateral dimensions. The accuracy of the Youngs modulus calculated from will also depend upon uncertainty in Poissons ratio and its impact on the evaluation of the Poissons factor in . However, a value for Youngs modulus or ) can be obtained for many applications, which is often in good agreement with the value obtained by other more accurate methods, such as in Test Method . The technical issues and typical values of corresponding uncertainties are discussed in detail in STP 1578.5.3If the grain size of the carbon or graphite is greater than or about equal to the wavelength of the sonic pulse, the method may not provide a value of the Youngs modulus representative of the bulk material. Therefore it would be desirable to test a lower frequency (longer wavelength) to demonstrate that the range of obtained velocity values are within acceptable levels of accuracy. Significant signal attenuation should be expected when grain size of the material is greater than or about equal to the wavelength of the transmitted sonic pulse or the material is more porous than would be expected for as-manufactured graphite.
Note 1:Due to frequency dependent attenuation in graphite, the wavelength of the sonic pulse through the test specimen is not necessarily the same wavelength of the transmitting transducer.
5.4If the sample is only a few grains thick, the acceptability of the methods application should be demonstrated by initially performing measurements on a series of dummy specimens covering a range of lengths between the proposed test specimens length and a specimen length incorporating sufficient grains to adequately represent the bulk material.
1.1This test method covers a procedure for measuring the longitudinal and transverse (shear) sonic velocities in manufactured carbon and graphite which can be used to obtain approximate values for the elastic constants: Youngs modulus (E), the shear modulus (G), and Poissons ratio (v).
1.2The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard.
1.3This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
1.4This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.
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