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Standard Test Method for Determination of Additive Elements in Lubricating Oils by EDXRF Analysis
NORMA vydaná dňa 1.7.2021
Označenie normy: ASTM D7751-16(2021)
Dátum vydania normy: 1.7.2021
Kód tovaru: NS-1031756
Počet strán: 7
Približná hmotnosť: 21 g (0.05 libier)
Krajina: Americká technická norma
Kategória: Technické normy ASTM
additive elements, additives, calcium, chlorine, EDXRF, energy dispersive, lubricating oil, magnesium, molybdenum, phosphorus, spectrometry, sulfur, X-ray, XRF, zinc,, ICS Number Code 75.100 (Lubricants, industrial oils and related products)
|Significance and Use|
5.1Lubricating oils are formulated with organo-metallic additives, which act, for example, as detergents, antioxidants, antifoaming, or antiwear agents, or a combination thereof. Some of these additives contain one or more of the following elements: magnesium, phosphorus, sulfur, chlorine, calcium, zinc, and molybdenum. This test method provides a means of determining the concentrations of these elements, which in turn provides an indication of the additive content of these oils.
5.2Several additive elements and their compounds are added to the lubricating oils to give beneficial performance ( ).
5.3Additive packages are the concentrates that are used to blend lubricating oils.
5.4This test method is primarily intended to be used for the monitoring of additive elements in lubricating oils.
5.5If this test method is applied to lubricating oils with matrices significantly different from the calibration materials specified in this test method, the cautions and recommendations in Section should be observed when interpreting the results.
1.1This test method covers the quantitative determination of additive elements in unused lubricating oils and additive packages, as shown in .
1.2Additive packages require dilution with a contamination free diluent (base oil) prior to analysis. The dilution factor has to be calculated from the expected concentrations to bring the concentrations for all elements into the ranges listed in .
1.3Some lubrication oils will contain higher concentrations than the maximum concentrations listed in . These samples require dilution with a contamination free diluent (base oil) prior to analysis. The dilution factor has to be calculated from the expected concentrations to bring the concentrations for all elements into the ranges listed in .
1.4This test method is limited to the use of energy dispersive X-ray fluorescence (EDXRF) spectrometers employing an X-ray tube for excitation in conjunction with the ability to separate the signals of adjacent elements by using a high resolution semiconductor detector.
1.5This test method uses inter-element correction factors calculated from a fundamental parameters (FP) approach or from another matrix correction method.
1.6The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard.
1.6.1The preferred concentration units are mg/kg or mass %.
1.7This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
1.8This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.
|2. Referenced Documents|
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