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Standard Test Method for Immunological Measurement of Four Principal Allergenic Proteins (Hev b 1, 3, 5 and 6.02) in Hevea Natural Rubber and Its Products Derived from Latex
NORMA vydaná dňa 1.5.2021
Označenie normy: ASTM D7427-16(2021)
Dátum vydania normy: 1.5.2021
Kód tovaru: NS-1029331
Počet strán: 16
Približná hmotnosť: 48 g (0.11 libier)
Krajina: Americká technická norma
Kategória: Technické normy ASTM
allergens, Hevea brasiliensis, IEMA, immunoenzymetric assay, Hevea natural rubber latex, proteins,, ICS Number Code 11.100.99 (Other standards related to laboratory medicine),83.060 (Rubber)
|Significance and Use|
5.1IgE-mediated allergic reactions to protein allergens in Hevea natural rubber latex derived from the 5.2Since no safe level of Hevea latex allergen exposure is known, avoidance is the primary mode of treating latex allergy.
5.3As a result of investigations conducted by many scientists across the world, fourteen latex allergens have so far been identified and categorized by the Allergen Nomenclature Sub-Committee of the International Union of Immunological Societies (IUIS) as Hev b 1 to Hev b 13 ( ) (see Specification ). Reported sensitization rates for these allergenic Hev b proteins vary among the many reports as a result of differences in the study populations, IgE antibody assay methods and the quality of the Hev b allergens used as calibrators and quality control reagents in the analysis. Most studies, however, agree that Hev b 1 and Hev b 3 are important allergens for individuals (for example, children with spina bifida) who are exposed through mucosal contact as a result of multiple surgeries or latex catheter use for an extended period of time. Additionally, investigators performing sensitization studies also agree that Hev b 5 and Hev b 6.02 are important allergens that may elicit sensitization in genetically-predisposed individuals who are exposed to Hevea natural rubber latex 5.3.1From the historical context, a number of assays have been developed to quantify the level of protein, antigen and allergen in Hevea natural rubber latex containing products (see Practices and ).
5.3.2The 5.3.3The second assay to be developed involved the use of human latex-specific IgE antibody in a competitive inhibition immunoassay format to estimate the overall allergenic potency of a Hevea natural rubber product extract 5.3.4A third assay design is similar to the human IgE based competitive inhibition immunoassay, but it employs rabbit antiserum instead of human serum containing IgE anti-latex. The competitive inhibition enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) has been adopted as Test Method . It measures latex proteins that elicit immune responses, but it cannot distinguish between latex allergens (IgE inducing) from non-allergenic antigens (non-IgE inducing).
5.3.5The most recent assay, which is the subject of this standard, is the 1.1This test method covers an immunological method known as an immunoenzymetric assay to quantify the amount of 4 principal 1.2For the purpose of this test method, the range of allergenic protein will be measured in terms of nanogram to microgram quantities per gram or unit surface area of a Hevea natural rubber containing product.
1.3The test method is not designed to evaluate the potential of Hevea natural rubber containing materials to induce or elicit Type I (IgE-mediated) hypersensitivity reactions.
1.4This test method should be used under controlled laboratory conditions to detect and quantify the level of 4 allergenic proteins found in Hevea natural rubber containing products. It should not be used to describe, appraise or assess the hazard or risk of these Hevea natural rubber containing materials or products under actual in use conditions.
1.5The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard.
1.6This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
1.7This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.
|2. Referenced Documents|
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